Pakistan is the 4th largest producer of rice following chine, India, Indonesia. Rice is the major export product of Pakistan following wheat, cotton, it export earns about 13% of the country’s foreign exchange making it the second most important source of foreign exchange following cotton , total share of Pakistan in world’s trade of rice is up to 10% while 25% in world’s trade of basmati rice. Basmati rice covers 52% of the total cultivated area of rice in Pakistan.
Generally in Pakistan rice production system is followed by rice-wheat production system means both are grown in a alternate pattern, as rice are grown in the monsoon months and wheat in the cooler months of winter season, in the province name Punjab there is sufficient water available to grow rice in the kharif season (summer) as per the requirement of rice while wheat is grown in the rabi (winter) months from November to April.
Rice is cultivated over 10% of total cropped area of Islamic republic of Pakistan. It is contributing approximately 6.7 % in value addition of agriculture and the contribution of rice in GDP is about 1.3-1.6% in total GDP.
If we talk about contribution of provinces in it’s production , Punjab ranks 1st by contributing 58% , Sindh ranks 2nd by contributing 29% , Balochistan ranks 3rd and it’s contribution is about 3 % and Khyber Pakhtoun Khawan ranks 4th by contributing 10 %.
Lahore, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Multan, Bahawalpur, Sukkhur, Larkana, Khairpur, Nawabshah, Hyderabad are famous for rice production in Pakistan.
There are many varieties which are being cultivated in Pakistan like super kernel basmati, super basmati, irri-6, irri-9, pk-385 basmati rice, pk-198 basmati rice etc.
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